|Original painting by L. Kenneth Townsend for Reader's Digest|
Pueblo Bonito contained more than 600 rooms and 40 kivas (round ceremonial chambers). The Anasazi transported thousands of trees many miles for timber, they devised a sophisticated watering system, built raised plazas for ceremony and established approximately 400 miles of roads. Some roads were 30 feet wide and in straight segments for 40 miles.
|The Great Kiva — this is a community center the size of a small stadium.|
The Anasazi were great masons. These bricks may appear to be adobe, but they are all cut stone. Archeologists date different building periods by the evolving masonry styles. The bottom right example is the late period, the mid-1100s A.D.
|My favorite photo from the trip. I call it "Inner Sanctum."|
|Holes for rafters indicate that the canyon face was used as a back wall for apartments.|
From 1921 to 1927, Neil Judd headed an archeological excavation funded by the National Geographic Society. One of his interesting discoveries was that the burial grounds were not big enough to reflect the huge population that would have inhabited Pueblo Bonito. Judd concluded that the center was not fully inhabited year round, and that there were seasonal influxes of distant tribes for ceremonies.
Those photographs not my own were taken by George H. H. Huey
and are courtesy of the Western National Parks Association.